Monday, June 3, 2019
Background and Future of Quantity Surveying
Background and Future of bill analyseThis written report pull up stakes critically discuss the role of the amount Surveying in the short form named QS within the contemporary built environment. Before discuss or considering ab out(a) what is the changing role of cadence Surveyor is in the future, the background of the mensuration Surveying is worthwhile to lead a review. The traditional roles and evolved roles of beat Surveryor will be briefly discussed. Least, the responsibilities of Quantity Surveyor will be carried out too.Background to the Quantity SurveyingQuantity Surveying (QS) profession has been experienced signifi bunst change oer the past decade in terms of the image and types of run provided both within and outside of the crook industry. All the changes have been occurs in response to changing clients or industry demands, IT (information technology) developments and increased level of ambition of services.As the technology and Architecture makes argon consta ntly developed, Quantity Surveyor(s) played an consequential role in both public and private sector. Thus, how many spate know about who is Quantity Surveyor? What is the Quantity Surveying profession is in nowadays? What are Quantity Surveyor do for?By according to QSBC (2009), stated that Quantity surveyors are the profession developed during the 19th century from the earlier Measurer, Quantity Surveyor is a specialist tradesman ( oft a guild member) who always prepared standardise schedules for a building contrive in which all of the social organization materials, labour activities and the like were quantified, and against which competing builders could submit valued tenders. Because the tenders were each based on the same schedule of information, they would be easily compared to find the most suitable put updidate. QSBC (2009).Furthermore, Seelay 1997 stated that a Quantity Surveyor is fully professional trained, qualified and experienced in dealing with the basic problem s on behalf of the employer. Quantity Surveyor is essentially a greet expert or as a cost controller whose prime task is to ensure that the project is unploughed within the agreed budget which has been signed in vex document, and important is to make sure that the employer obtains quantify for money. (Seeley, 1997 pg.40.)Moreover, QSBC (2009) also discussed that, Quantity Surveyor is a professional who are usually make watering within the construction industry. The role of Quantity Surveyor is to manage and to control the costs of the particular construction projects and may be involving the use of redact of heed procedures and technical tools to achieve the goals.From difference sources, there is difference method to interpreted or discussed of roles of Quantity Surveyor. And then, the definition of the role of Quantity Surveyor should be known. By referring to RICS (Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors, 1983a, pg.1) which stated that In the 1971s report, the role of Qua ntity Surveyor was defined as ensuring that the resources of the construction industry are utilized to be the best receipts of society by providing, inter alia, the financial management for projects and a cost consultancy service to the client and designer during the whole construction process. In addition, the distinctive competence of the Quantity Surveyor is a skill in measurement and valuation in the construction field in order that such(prenominal) work can be described and the cost and price for the particular project can be forecast defined, analyzed, planned, downstairs controlled and accounted for.Quantity SurveyorA Quantity Surveyor is key professionals in the construction sector or industry. Quantity Surveyor(s) always act as a cost Engineer, cost Planner or cost Controller. A Quantity Surveyor is specializes in estimating the value of the construction project flora. Quantity Surveyor(s) will use their skills to do the taking off quantity of the hint building, and de termine the cost of building work ranging from small refurbishment deeds through to assessing the value of multi-million money construction project.Quantity Surveyor(s) normally works with Developers, Architects, Contractors, create Proprietors and works with Government Bodies and Agencies. Addition, Quantity Surveyor(s) can be involved in cost planning, cost management, Contract Administration, project procurance, feasibility studies and the asset financial management.The purpose of Quantity Surveyor is to lower down or minimize project cost and maximize the value on a given proposed project. By either increasing value for money to a developer or end user client, or increasing profit margins for the main contractor or subcontractor, Quantity Surveyor whilst still achieving the required standards specified under the agreement, within contract program.Construction cost, construction management and construction communication are all key problems area for an employer or client who h as commissioned and important building or engineer project. Thus, a professional trained, qualified and fully experienced Quantity Surveyor whose expert in dealing with these problems is needed. An experienced Quantity Surveyor(s) will accomplish their objectives in a variety of ways and largely guided by their experience however more tangible factors also play a part such as a carefully selected procurement strategy, use of terms and conditions of contract and negotiation skills.Furthermore, the role of a quantity surveyor played is to manage the costs relating to building projects. This may include new builds, renovations or maintenance work. From early design costs to final figures, Quantity Surveyors seek to understate the costs of the project and levyvalue for money whilst ensuring that the project meets all legal and quality assurance requirements. Quantity Surveyors are involved at various stages of the construction process, typically anterior to construction, during cons truction and following completion of the works.Prior to Construction StageDuring Construction StagePost Construction StagePreparation of Feasibility StudiesProvision of cost control services during constructionDetermination of the final project costEstimating to define projects budgets/ amountAssessment of the contractors shape up claimsPreparation of tax depreciation reports for investors and blank space ownerAnalysis of the effect of design changes on the project budgetAssessment of variation and delay claimsExpert witness reports to assist in the hamlet of building disputes.Cost planning to refine the budget as the design documents developProcurement of subcontractors and labour to carry out the specialist trade worksPreparation of Bills of Quantities to assist in the tender processNegotiation and settlement of accountsMonthly forecasting and cost reportingMonthly negotiation and agreement of payments for works carried outTable 1 Construction stages involved by Quantity Survey or(s)Role of Quantity SurveyingThe Quantity Surveying profession in the coupled Kingdom has largely developed over the last century. It has grown to such an extent that it forms the second largest division in Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS). As building works increased in volume and complexity, the employers became not satisfied with the method adopted for settling all the cost of the construction works and accepted the advantages of employing an independent Quantity Surveyor who would prepare and produce out an accurate bills of quantities (BOQ) to be priced by tendering contractor(s). And also employers will seek for the Quantity Survey who would measure and value any variations that might occur during the construction works progress.The common role of quantity surveyor(s) is to manage or be able to the costs relating to the particular propose building projects. This may include new builds, renovations or maintenance work. From early design costs to final figures , quantity surveyors seek and to be ensure to minimise the costs of the project and enhance value for money whilst ensuring that the project meets all legal and quality assurance requirements.Quantity surveyor duties typically includeConducting feasibility studies to melodic theme materials, time and labour costsPreparing, negotiating and analysing costs for tenders and contractsCoordination of work effortAdvising on a range of legal and contractual issuesValuing completed work and arranging for paymentstraditional Role of Quantity Surveying/SurveyorBased on HKIS stated thatAs a tradition, estimating, preparation of tender documents, tender analysis, contract documentation, valuation and variation, and all quantity examine related works of infrastructure projects are always handled by civil engineers notwithstanding that majority of these works are actually handled by quantity surveyors under the supervision of civil engineers. In the building works, the traditional role of handli ng these works by architects had been changed to become the role of quantity surveyors, and the Government and Private Forms of Building Contract were changed to recognize such QS role. However, in the infrastructure works, such QS role is still with the civil engineers as stated in the Government Form of civilised Engineering Works (HKIS, 2008).Ashworth and Hogg (2007) stated that the traditional role of Quantity Surveyor is still practiced on small to medium sized projects. It can be described as a measure and value system. Quantity Surveyor should prepared using a single price method of estimating, produce bills of quantities for tendering, measure the progress payments base on the work and prepare final account on the basis of the tender documentation.The traditional role, which is still practiced by some, also can be described as measure and value system. Approximate estimates of the initial coasts of building are prepared by using a single price method of estimating and where this cost was acceptable to the client then the design was developed by Architect. Quantity surveyor will prepared and produced bills of quantities (BOQ) for tendering purposes. The work would be measured for weekly/monthly/half yearly for the progress payments and a final account will be then prepared on the basis of the tender documentation.On traditional roles, Quantity Surveyor will conducting single rate approximates estimating to the particular project. Furthermore, Quantity Surveyor also will take part into cost planning in the management team and giving advice in cost planning. In addition, Quantity Surveyor will also giving client advice on procurement, advise measurement and qualification on the project taken.The most significant roles or services which provided by Quantity Surveyor are do taking off, preparation of tender document and produce bills of quantities (BOQ). During construction period, Quantity Surveying should giving advice on cost controlling to ensure that the amount and agreed budget for the proposed construction project is still under control. This is important to not make client to facing any financial problems. By during the construction progress period, interim valuations and payment all prepare by Quantity Surveyor. Quantity Surveying will go to construction to do interim valuations to evaluate the work progress on site.After the evaluation, thus Quantity Surveying will prepare the interim progress payments for client. Interim payments thereafter will be claims by contractor. Besides, Quantity Surveyor also will be advise in client financial statements. Preparation of final account, agreement and the last settlement of contractual claims will be fully produced by quantity surveyors.Evolved role of Quantity Surveying/SurveyorToday, not only is the Quantity Surveyor generally regarded as indispensible on any major building contract, and often on civil and heavy engineering as well, but Quantity Surveyor also now being appointed a s project manager, to take control of the proposed project from inception to completion and to line up the work of the design team and the main contractor and subcontractors.RICS (1983a) also pointed out that the Quantity Surveyors expertise had been further developed after 1971. For the construction project, Quantity Surveyor(s) are involved in the field of manpower planning, resources control and in assessing the effects of time. The filled of contracting, civil and industrial engineering construction, mechanical and electrical engineering services, and project management and control also relate to the Quantity Surveyor. That means the role of the Quantity Surveyor is extended in 1980s. The Quantity Surveyor involve complex resource procurement and management processes, besides deal with complex construction contracts provides the basis for a disciplined and well managed approach to projects.In response to the potential demise of bills of quantities, Quantity Surveyor(s) began to exploring potential roles for their services. Procurement, a term no longer used until the 1980s, became an important area of activity, largely because of the increasing array of options that were available. As a Quantity Surveyor in evolved roles, QS should improve the quality of service and the matching of the known resources to suit for the requirement of clients.By referring to Seeley (1997) stated that the Quantity Surveyor not only regarded building contract and often as project manager on civil and heavy engineering contracts to control the project from inception to completion and coordinate with other parties to take over the works. Quantity Surveyor is an important member of the design team in both the public and private sectors to advising employers and architects on the probable costs of alternative designs.Thus, Quantity Surveyor will be more active and act more roles and character in evolved method.Future roles of Quantity SurveyorThe industrys client has become increa singly concerned about the services provided. They have examined traditional contractual procedures, have found their lacking and have sought to create new services more appropriate to their needs. In general, they have been looking for results and improved value for money.