Thursday, May 16, 2019
Components of Fitness Coursework
The health of someone is the state of mental, physical and social well being they are in. Most people phone of health as a mortal who has or hasnt got a disease and illness. There are cardinal primary(prenominal) types of seaworthiness that make up the bearing a person is, these are physical seaworthiness and motor fitness. Getting your fitness to its maximum and maintaining it is a in truth important and often difficult as it requires a lot of thought, time and effort. Athletes who over-train their bodies become weaker and are more standardisedly to get diseases and illnesses. The components of physical fitness are reaction time, power, agility, balance, flexibility and co-ordination.The meaning of strength is the great power to exert a force against a resistance. An example of this is the strength needed by a weight lifter to lift a 200kg barbell. Mariusz Pudzianowski , the worlds strongest man champion of 2008, has to train himself to lifting extremely heavy things such(p renominal) as cars, people, etc. some trunk builders also take steroids to change their performance in many sportswomans. This is considered illegal and the sports person that does this is disqualified from the sport they have taken part in. There are 3 unalike types of strength. The types of strength are* supreme strength the greatest force that is possible in a single maximum contraction* elasticised strength the world power to overcome a resistance with a fast contraction* Strength endurance the ability to express force many times overFlexibility is the ability to perform a occasion action through a variety of movement. The objective of flexibility training is to cleanse the lead of movement a person preempt perform. In any movement there are two groups of muscles at work* The main muscles which cause the movement to take place* opposing the movement and find out the amount of flexibility are the opposed musclesAlina Kabaeva is one of the worlds most famous Russ ian athletes for being very flexible and is Russias most successful gymnast. She improves her clevernesss by training with her coach and by increasing the organic structure joints to its panoptic performance.Endurance is a muscles ability to perform a maximum stamina time after time. An example of this is when somebody runs a race and is able to keep going from the start to the end. The objective of endurance is to check stamina in a persons body for a long period of time.Speed is the quickness of movement. This is apply in totally types of sports in tackling and running. Speed is one of the main components of fitness. Sprinting is also included in speed. Sprinting is when a person uses all the energy they have left in them to increase their speed drastically. This is usually use at the end of a race after staying at a steady pace to fulfill energy. Usain Bolt, the worlds fastest man since the Olympics 2008 has been able to train himself to run at extreme speeds through vario us types of training, a healthy lifestyle and body compositionIn fitness, body composition describes the percentages of fat, bone and muscle in a persons body. Because muscle tissue takes up less space in our body than fat, both our body composition and our weight, determines the body composition. For example, if an obese person was to race an athlete that was in a healthy state, the person with more weight would discharge because there is too much fat compared to his or her bone and muscle.Co-ordination is the ability to carry out a group of movements smoothly and efficiently. All sports need the coordination of eyes, hands and feet. Racket sports like tennis involve all coordinations of hands, eyes and feet. There are a few drills which can improve your hand-eye co-ordination like catching tennis balls in none hand for a minute and then ever-changing hands. You can practice them on your own or with someone else but keep concentrating and youll nonice the difference. Tim Henman, neat Britains number one tennis player has to do drills like this daily to improve his hand-eye co-ordination.Balance is the ability to control the bodys position, either stationary or while moving. If this is done correctly, a person will be able to complete a series of moves without falling. Balance is usually used in sports like gymnastic exercise or athletics. Sally Gunnell is an athlete that improves her balance by improving her motor skills. Another way to improve your balance is by improving posture. If this is done well, There could be a great improvement in balance.Agility is the ability to perform a series of explosive power movements in rapid period in opposing directions. In various fields of sports competitor, the body is constantly asked to perform movements from unfamiliar joint angles. If these are done correctly, the body is able to respond quickly to different angles that are needed in sporting events. An example for a sport that involves agility is athletics or on a trampoline. You can improve your agility by practicing the movements in training. An athlete that needs this for their profession is Dame Kelly HolmesPower is the ability to do strength performances quickly using almost all of your energy and normally with heavy things. The main parts of the body used in the process are the arm muscles as well as the legs to help the person balance themselves. Power is mainly used in sports involving lifting things that are heavy such as the hammer throw in the Olympics. An athlete that has done this in the Olympics is Alex Smith.The final component for skill related fitness is reaction time. This is the time taken to respond to a stimulus. An example would be reacting to the beginning pistol at the start of a 100m race. It important in many sports and activities and depends on the nervous agreement mostly. This can be improved through practice or training. Different people have different reaction times because of the nervous system. A perso n with good reaction time is Usain Bolt.Alcohol, smoking and drugs all affect a sports performers lifestyle in negative ways. George Best died of liver failure because of his drinking problems and this undone his life before as well. It earlier stopped him from playing football before he had a transplant.Some people use steroid pills, gels, creams, or injections because they think steroids can improve their sports performance or the way they look. Nathan Allen was banned from the Olympic gamed this year because of the steroid pills she took to enhance her performance. She has been banned for two years. This type of drug abuse can get a person banned from any sport there if it is demonstrate out.There have been many top athletes who smoke. Zinedine Zidane, a famous French football player caused a small gossip when he was photographed before an important 2006 World Cup game smoking a cigarette. Smoking can wreck your lungs and reduce oxygen available for muscles used during sports. They also run gradual and cant run as far, affecting overall athletic performance. This affects peoples performance in a negative way as it could possibly end their career. Despite all the tobacco use on TV and in different types of media, no athlete does smoke as it could change their lives completely by making them lose all fame and fortuneMany athletes intermission poorly during the night before a major competition or after crossing several time zones to compete, but most athletes arent sure exactly how this pass of sleep will affect their performances. One problem in figuring out how no sleep influences exercise ability and scientists or doctors dont completely understand sleep itself. Too much sleep is not good for you but neither is no sleep is worse. If a performer doesnt sleep, his performance in a game will be poor and can be removed from the team.