Wednesday, May 29, 2019

Privatization of Electricity in Tanzania :: essays research papers fc

Privatization of Electricity in TanzaniaThe story of Tanzania, from pre-colonialist period to presentTanzania, dictated in East Africa, is one of the least developed countries in the world. According to the UNDP Human Development Index, Tanzania ranked 162 out of 177 countries in the 2004 survey (UNDP2004, HDI), with one universe the most developed. According to the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) prepared by Tanzanian officials for the World Bank, half of Tanzanians 36.6 million people are characterized as poor and one-third live in abject poverty(WB PRSP p.1). Tanzanians have a life expectancy of 43.5 historic period, a fertility rate of 5.1 births per woman, an HIV prevalence of 8.8%, and a population growth rate of 1.95% (UNDP 2004). Agriculture makes up half of the countrys GDP, 85% of the exports, and 80% of the labor force (CIA 2004). Culturally, Tanzanians are make up of 130 different tribes, each speaking their own mother tongue. The official languages of Tanzan ia are Kiswahili and English, with English being the main language in commerce, administration, and higher(prenominal) education (CIA 2004). Kiswahili is a mix of Bantu languages, English, and Arabic, and is indicative of the millennia old history of trade with the outside world. Records of trade routes with the Middle East date back to the inaugural century AD (govt web early history).Zanzibar and the coastal town of Bagamoya were the hubs of the East African slave trade, active for well over a thousand course of studys (pilot). While the early slave trade with the Middle East existed only on a small scale, transporting around 100 slaves at a time, the expression of Europeans in the 17th century ratcheted up the trade to a much larger scale and level of organization, at its height moving 15,000 slaves a year out of East Africa (pilot). Serious efforts to culmination the slave trade began in the 19th century, though the trade continued through the German occupation of because G erman East Africa in the latter part of the century. In 1919 after World War I, Britain took over German East Africa, renaming it Tanganyika, and permanently put an end to the slave trade (govt web colonial period ). Tanganyika attained independence from British rule in 1961 and Zanzibar followed soon after in 1963, ending the creation of the British mandated territory. Tanzania was formed in 1964 by uniting the mainland, Tanganyika, and the islands of Zanzibar. An excerpt from the Tanzanian National Website displays an interesting official interpretation of the lingering effects of centuries of occupation by foreigners (my emphasis)

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